Adopting a poor sitting posture can easily become second nature, causing episodes of back and neck pain, repetitive strain injury and damaging spinal structures. When you are sitting for long periods, it is easy to adopt a slouched position, placing excessive strain on spinal joints, muscles and discs. Understanding how to sit correctly is vital in prevention of back pain, particularly if your work involves sitting for long periods. Fortunately, the main factors affecting posture and ergonomics are within your control and can be easily altered with the correct advice.
Good posture is the position which is attained when the joints are in neutral alignment. Maintaining the body in a neutral position reduces stress on the joints, muscles and intervertebral discs.